Hello and welcome! I am a cognitive neuroscientist and clinical psychologist. My research spans the scientific study of consciousness, emotion, visual perception, metacognition, self, and their disorders. I am also interested in altered states of consciousness like hypnosis. I am currently based in the department of neuroscience at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Dr. Renzo Lanfranco
Lanfranco RC., Chancel M., & Ehrsson HH.
"Texture congruence modulates perceptual bias but not sensitivity to visuotactile stimulation during the rubber hand illusion"
The sense of body ownership is the feeling that one’s body belongs to oneself. To study body ownership, researchers use bodily illusions, such as the rubber hand illusion (RHI), which involves experiencing a visible rubber hand as part of one’s body when the rubber hand is stroked simultaneously with the hidden real hand. The RHI is based on a combination of vision, touch, and proprioceptive information following the principles of multisensory integration. It has been posited that texture incongruence between rubber hand and real hand weakens the RHI, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. To investigate this, we recently developed a novel psychophysical RHI paradigm. Based on fitting psychometric functions, we discovered the RHI resulted in shifts in the point of subjective equality when the rubber hand and the real hand were stroked with matching materials. We analysed these datasets further by using signal detection theory analysis, which distinguishes between the participants’ sensitivity to visuotactile stimulation and the associated perceptual bias. We found that texture incongruence influences the RHI’s perceptual bias but not its sensitivity to visuotactile stimulation. We observed that the texture congruence bias effect was the strongest in shorter visuotactile asynchronies (50–100 ms) and weaker in longer asynchronies (200 ms). These results suggest texture-related perceptual bias is most prominent when the illusion's sensitivity is at its lowest. Our findings shed light on the intricate interactions between top-down and bottom-up processes in body ownership, the links between body ownership and multisensory integration, and the impact of texture congruence on the RHI.